What are the Canadian NHL Teams? | Comprehensive Guide!

Canada is the most ice hockey lover country in all over the world. According to the 2022 stats, Canada has more NHL fans than any other country. Canada is the one who brought the NHL to its prime. The original four teams of the NHL, formerly the National Hockey Association, are from Canada.

So, What are the Canadian NHL teams? There are seven Canada based teams in the NHL. From the first date of their first NHL season, the teams are Montreal Canadians – 1917, Toronto Maple Leafs – 1917, Vancouver Canucks – 1970, Edmonton Oilers – 1979, Calgary Flames – 1980, Ottawa Senators – 1992 and Winnipeg Jets 2011.

Let’s get into the brief report of these seven Canadian teams and examine some of the historic dates, retired jerseys, and Stanley Cups they have won.

Montreal Canadiens

Montreal Canadiens Logo
  • Established: 1909 – NHA, 1917 – NHL
  • Arena: Center Ball – 21,273
  • Stanley Cups: 23
  • Hall of Famers: 55
  • NHL Playoffs Appearances: 85
  • Retired Numbers: Jacques Plantes (1), Doug Harvey (2), Emile Bouchard (3), Jean Beliveau (4), Bernie Geoffrion (5), Guy Lapointe (5), Howie Morenz (7), Maurice Richard (9), Guy Lafleur (10), Dickie Moore (12), Yvan Cournoyer (12), Henri Richard (16), Elmer Lach (16), Serge Savard (18), Larry Robinson (19), Bob Gainey (23), Ken Dryden (29), Patrick Roy (33)
  • Franchise Scoring Leaders: Guy Lafleur – Points: 1,246, Assists: 793, Maurice Richard – Goals: 544

Highlights and Current Status of the Canadians

Montreal is the origin and the center point of the ice hockey world. The game begins here; Montreal is the first team that shaped NHA into the NHL. All starting matches were organized there, and then in 1917, NHL was established.

Other than the origin of the NHL, Montreal is the Stanley Cup’s most winning team ever, standing at a spectacular figure of 24, which is hard to pass.

With this long history, Canadians have a deep connection to Montreal and a strong love for hockey there. If you are in Montreal and have a chance to visit, then go to the Center Ball arena.

However, grown with a glorious past, their current position is not shiny as before. After giving a surprise by jumping to the 2021 Stanley cup and becoming a runner-up, they start to fall. Many of their best players get injured and back off, becoming one of the poor teams in the NHL.

Currently, the team is in its full reconstructing mode, which probably takes 5-3 years to regain its magnificent past.

Toronto Maple Leafs

Toronto Maple Leafs Logo
  • Established: 1917 – (Previous Names are Arenas and St. Patrick’s)
  • Stadium: Scotiabank Arena – 18,800
  • Stanley Cups: 13
  • Hall of Famers: 61
  • NHL Playoff Appearances: 71
  • Retired Numbers: Turk Broda (1), Johnny Bower (1), Hap Day (4), Red Kelly (4), Bill Barilko (5), Ace Bailey (6), King Clancy (7), Tim Horton (7), Charlie Conacher (9), Ted Kennedy (9), Syl Apps (10), George Armstrong (10), Mats Sundin (13), Dave Keon (14), Wendel Clark (17), Borje Salming (21) Frank Mahovlich (27), Darryl Sittler (27), Doug Gilmour (93)
  • Franchise Scoring Leaders: Mats Sundin – Points: 987, Goals: 420, Borje Salming – Assists: 620

Highlights and Currents Status of the Leafs

Toronto Maple Leafs is one of the four original teams of the NHL, founded in 1917. They got a good start in their earlier days as they won 13 Stanley Cups, an impressive number!

But here the problem arises, their last Stanley cup was back in 1967. Since then, they have never won a single Stanley cup for 55 straight years, and further summing up, the largest Stanley cup drought ever a team has faced. At the time they won their last cup, there were only six NHL teams.

Their current progress status is good with having the present superstar Auston Mathews. The difficulty they are facing now is that they play in a very competitive division despite having a good team. To catch the Stanley cup, they need to beat at least one of these teams, Tampa Bay, Colorado Avalanche, or Boston.

The current team of the Leafs is the best in all past 55 years Leafs had.

Vancouver Canucks

Vancouver Canucks Logo
  • Established: 1970
  • Stadium: Rogers Arena -18,910 
  • Stanley Cups: 0
  • Hall of Famers: 5
  • NHL Playoff Appearances: 28
  • Retired Numbers: Pavel Bure (10), Stan Smyl (12), Trevor Linden (16), Markus Naslund (19)
  • Franchise Scoring Leaders: Henrik Sedin – Points: 1070, Assists: 830, Daniel Sedin – Goals: 393

Highlights and Current Status of the Canucks

Vancouver Canucks fans are passionate, loving, and patient towards their teams. Canucks is one of those 11 list teams won never won a single Stanley cup. Throughout their journey, they had exhilarating and interesting turns, giving fans a sweet, spicy taste of watching a match that fans love about them. Never winning a Stanley is one of these tastes.

They reached the Stanley cup finals three different times. But sadly, they lost twice in Game 7 – tragic!

They brought and showed many incredible players on the ice arena, Trevor Lindon, Marcus Naslund, Henrik Sedin, and Daniel. Although never able to make a champion team at a time.

Canucks current status is a midway team, not high, not low. They have good energetic young players on their team, such as Elias Petterson and Quinn Hughes. Still, they need a skilled defenseman and work more on depth.

Edmonton Oilers

Edmonton Oilers Logo
  • Established: 1979 – (formerly in the NHA 1971, 1972, 1979)
  • Stadium: Rogers Place – 18,500
  • Stanley Cups: 5
  • Hall of Famers: 10
  • NHL Playoff Appearances: 24
  • Retired Numbers: Al Hamilton (3), Paul Coffey (7), Glenn Anderson (9), Mark Messier (11), Jari Kuri (17), Grant Fuhr (31), Wayne Gretzky (99)
  • Franchise Scoring Leaders: Wayne Gretzky – Points: 1773, Goals: 626, Assists: 1147

Highlights and Current Status of the Oilers

Edmonton Oilers’ brilliant era was in back 1980–1990s times. In this decade, they won 5 Stanley cups proving that no other could come to their level then. The paramount team assembled so far in NHL history ever. They had many legends and hall of Famers at that time, such as Wayne Gretzky, Grant Fuhr, Mark Messier, Paul Coffey, and many more. These players had their full grip and dominance on the game, and the presence of the hockey greatest, Wayne Gretzky, was enough to lose rivals’ confidence.

Well, this era has to end, and since then, they have become a struggling team like Calgary Flames, their rivals. In 2006 they were able to make a Stanley cup run but dropped in game seven against Carolina Hurricanes.

The last decade was the most tricky and challenging for the Oilers in that they had to draft 1st overall four times. It is their luck that they got one of the best drafted – Connor McDavid.

Even with the superstar Connor, they struggled a lot to become a playoff team, let alone a Stanley Cup-facing team. If they work more, surround McDavid with other stars, and make a supportive crew of the rest team, they can get back on their previous majestic track.

Calgary Flames

Calgary Flames Logo
  • Established: 1980 – (formerly as Atlanta Flames in 1972)
  • Stadium: Scotiabank Saddledome – 19,289 
  • Stanley Cups: 1 – (in 1989)
  • Hall of Famers: 9
  • NHL Playoff Appearances: 31
  • Retired Numbers: Lanny McDonald 9, Jarome Iginla 12, Mike Vernon G
  • Franchise Scoring Leaders: Jarome Iginla – Points: 1095, Goals: 525, Al MacInnis – Assists: 609 

Highlights and Current Status of the Flames

Calgary Flames’ prime was back in 1989 when they lifted the Stanley cup. The game star was the Hall of Famer Lanny MacDonald, and it was his last, in which he finished a spectacular performance by scoring a great goal in the nerve-wracking game.

However, after 1989, they reached the Stanley cup in 2004 but lost the spotlight in all seven games. Although Jarome Iginla did his best, there is still nothing much to root for.

And out between 1989 and 2004, in all these decades, the Flames were only able to win one Playoff series. Calgary has a good team in 2022 and is going higher. There is a big chance to double their Stanley cup and series winning.

Ottawa Senators

Ottawa Senators Logo
  • Established: 1992 – (not connected to the former Ottawa Senators from pre-NHL to 1934)
  • Stadium: Canadian Tire Center – 19,153
  • Stanley Cups: 0
  • Hall of Famers: 1
  • NHL Playoff Appearances: 16
  • Retired Numbers: Frank Finnigan (8), Daniel Alfredsson (11), Chris Phillips (4)
  • Franchise Scoring Leaders: Daniel Alfredsson – Points: 1108, Goals: 426, Assists: 682

Highlights and Current Status of the Senators

The Ottawa Senators had 11 Stanley cups to their name but wait, not this current Ottawa Senators. The Stanley Cup-winning senators are the original version that started in the pre-NHL time and then wrapped up in 1934 when they moved to St. Louis.

That original and the present Ottawa Senators have no connection or affiliation. The current Senators version joined the NHL in 1992. They came to highlight for once when they appeared in the Stanley cup. The team was good but not put together to win a Stanley cup.

Currently, they are in the rebuilding phase and are on their way to new hopes. They are in the low teams of the NHL, but they assembled them well, and in the coming years, they will become a regular playoff team.

Winnipeg Jets

Winnipeg Jets Logo
  • Established: 2011 – (formerly as Atlanta Thrashers in 1999)
  • Stadium: Bell MTS Place – 16,345
  • Stanley Cups: 0
  • Hall of Famers: 0
  • NHL Playoff Appearances: 6
  • Retired Numbers: 0
  • Franchise Scoring Leaders: Ilya Kovalchuk – Points: 615, Goals: 328, Black Wheeler – Assists: 390

Highlights and Current Status of the Jets

This Winnipeg jet version is the second version of the Jets. The original version of Jets was started from 1972 to 1996 as WHA. Later, they were absorbed into the NHL in 1979, relocated to Arizona, and are now known as Arizona Coyotes.

And the original Jets, call history and records come under the Coyotes, not the present Winnipeg Jets.

This new version was started as Atlanta Thrashers in 1999, then moved to Winnipeg and became Winnipeg Jets. All the history and records of the Atlanta Thrashers are now related to the current Jets.

The current status of the Jets is above average, and they appeared four times in the playoffs. But they never reached the Stanley cup finals, so they are yet to get the status of Stanley cup runner.

All Canadian Teams Current Pain

All Canadian teams one pain spot is the Stanley cup drought. None of the Canadian teams has won a single cup for two decades. The last Stanley cup victory was in 1993. Montreal Canadians were the last Canadian team who won a Stanley cup.

All Canadian Teams Current Pain

Now, every year a new season starts, a new playoff session starts, and a constant question arises. Will this time, a Canadian team wins a Stanley cup?

The Defunct Canadian NHL Teams

Canadian teams have spent a long time playing in the NHL. But soon, they became extinct and are no longer present.

The Ottawa Senators were present from 1917 to 1934 and later became the St. Louis Eagles. The current version of the Ottawa Senators has a resemblance only with the name of the Original one. All previous records of the old version have no relation to the current one, and the new Ottawa Senators hold all new records.

Similarly, the older version of the Winnipeg Jets later moved to Arizona and is now called Arizona Coyotes. Winnipeg then took Atlanta Thrashers when they moved to Winnipeg and became Winnipeg Jets. Both teams have no relation or affiliation with each other.

The older versions, the Jets, Senators, and Nordiques, were in the subsequent leagues before joining the NHL.

Here is the list of teams that reflect their time in the NHL.

  • Ottawa Senators: 1917 – 1934: moved to St. Louis and became St. Louis Eagles.
  • Quebec Nordiques: 1979 – 1995: moved to Colorado and became Colorado Avalanche.
  • Winnipeg Jets: 1979 – 1996: moved to Arizona and became Arizona Coyotes.
  • Hamilton Tigers: 1920 – 1925: sold to the New York franchise as player’s contracts.


The original NHL teams belong to Canada, where they get their root. Those original seven teams, not counting the Quebec Nordiques that sold to Colorado, are also not high-level teams now. Their Stanley cup drought, plus many other factors influencing them, so NHL management is more focused on the USA market. And it is a joint discussion among the franchises and management. Is it okay to allow Canada to get more teams?

Which is yet to decide.

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